Free kindle book and epub digitized and proofread by project gutenberg. Beginning of the peloponnesian war first invasion of attica funeral oration of pericles the war between the athenians and peloponnesians and the allies on either side now really begins. These comments provide an analysis of athens defeat in the war which many scholars have found hard to. For now all intercourse except through the medium of heralds ceased, and hostilities were commenced and prosecuted without intermission. Jan 12, 2018 pericles funeral oration is a speech written by thucydides for his history of the peloponnesian war. Kagan asserts that this tactic helped thucydides mount a concerted opposition to pericles which brought to light ideological differences among pericles supporters. The history of the peloponnesian war book 2 chapter 6 summary. Elitist democracy and democratic advantage in thucydidess. Pericles funeral oration from the peloponnesian war book 2. Thucydides history of the peloponnesian war, book 2. Sex when the play opens, our hero tries to marry a princess who turns out to be sleeping with her own father. The peace, which after the winning of euboea was concluded for thirty years, lasted fourteen years. The state of greece from the earliest times to the commencement of the peloponnesian war.
Around that time, will shakespeare was all about experimenting with the genre of romance. I establish that pericles s rule, contra thucydides, was democratic since it satisfied a minimalist requirement of democracy. Pericles begins the play in antioch, where he desires to marry antiochuss daughter. Thucydides treats the plague in extensive detail, reporting theories about its origins and detailing its symptoms. As kagan reveals in his book after a lifetime of study of the long war between the greeks, our man thucydides was human after all.
Funerals after such battles were public rituals and pericles used the occasion to make a classic statement of the value of democracy. History of the peloponnesian warbook 2 wikisource, the. But in the fifteenth year, being the fortyeighth of the priesthood of chrysis in argos, aenesias being then ephor at sparta and pythadorus, archon of athens, having then two months of his government to come, in the sixth month after the battle at potidaea and in the beginning of the spring. Thucydides, history of the peloponnesian war, book ii.
Historians have traditionally divided the war into three phases. With an english translation by charles forster smith. The peloponnesian war 431404 bc was an ancient greek war fought by the delian league led by athens against the peloponnesian league led by sparta. Athens sends a huge fleet to sicily and suffers disaster. Pericles funeral oration internet history sourcebooks project. Thucydides has been dubbed the father of scientific history due to his strict standards of evidencegathering and analysis in terms of cause and effect.
History of the peloponnesian war, volume i thucydides. The history of the peloponnesian war book 2 chapter 7. Excerpts from thucydides 1 pericles funeral oration pericles funeral oration 2 the mitylenian debate the mitylenian debate 3 the melian dialogue the melian dialogue pericles funeral oration thucydides, book 2, chapters 3446 in the same winter the athenians gave a funeral at the public cost to those who had first fallen in this war. Last speech thucydides book ii, 5964 after the second invasion of the peloponnesians there had been a change in the spirit of the athenians. Written by one of the fathers of western history, thucydides history of the peloponnesian war is a landmark literary and scholarly achievement documenting the pivot point in the golden age of athenian democracy. Whilst various arguments support that shakespeare is the sole author of the play notably delvecchio and hammonds cambridge edition of the play, modern editors.
Archidamus, the spartan king, leads a lacedaemonian force into attica. The second book of thucydides is of particular interest because it contains important sections on the funeral oration, the account of the plague at athens and the obituary of pericles. Beginning of the peloponnesian war first invasion of attica funeral oration of pericles. In chapter 5, pericles and athens, plataea in book 2 reveals the formida.
He was so important for athens that his name defines the. All talking between the 2 sides happened through heralds. The peloponnesian war was really three conflicts 431421, 4154, and 4404 bce that thucydides was still unifying into one account when he died some time before 396 bce. Four ostensibly minor stylistic features of the passage show that thucydides represented pericles as praising athenian democracy but carefully embedding his comments in a wider discussion of athenian mores. The only pity is that thucidides died before finishing the book.
Thucydides was still at work on this when the war spread to sicily and into a conflict 4154 likewise. So the order of each subdivision of this book is as follows. Thucydides history of the peloponnesian war, book 2, chapter. Thucydides represents the constitution under pericles as a democracy in. Analysis of the history of the peloponnesian war, by. Thucydides, history of the peloponnesian war, volume i. The history of the peloponnesian war the internet classics.
Although unfinished and as a whole unrevised, in brilliance of description and depth of insight this history has no superior. Use pericles in a sentence pericles sentence examples. Pericles described the government as one that did not copy the institutions of their neighbors, thucydides, p. Henceforward the struggle was uninterrupted, and they communicated with 2 one another only by heralds. Peloponnesian war is fascinating in its laconic objectivity and for its wide coverage of interesting times written by a man who was a general during the war, suffered from defeat, exile and the ravages of the athenian plague and. This paper suggests that two muchdiscussed passages in pericles funeral speech in thucydides book 2, the first in 2. Pericles, prince of tyre is a jacobean play written at least in part by william shakespeare and included in modern editions of his collected works despite questions over its authorship, as it was not included in the first folio. Funeral oration of pericles, from the history of the. Beginning of the peloponnesian warfirst invasion of atticafuneral oration of pericles. Dec 07, 2016 contrary to mcphersons assessment, thucydides has to be read more critically rather than accepted as trustworthy.
Thucydides alone shows sympathy with pericles, though, as j. In this section of the text, thucydides describes the first two years of the war between the athenians and the peloponnesians. History of the peloponnesian war book by thucydides. This group was defeated and many prisoners were captured. But have we the right to assume at once that all the ideals expressed in the speech are thucydides. Thucydides book ii, 5964 after the second invasion of the peloponnesians there had been a change in the spirit of the athenians. Thucydides history of the peloponnesian war 8 vols. Thucydides classic work, history of the peloponnesian war, provides us with the historical framework for 5th century greece, a golden age of intellectual achievement and creativity rarely equaled in human history. Now they began to blame pericles for having persuaded them to go to war and to hold.
The sourcebook is a collection of public domain and copypermitted texts related to medieval and byzantine history. The great events by famous historiansvolume 2pericles rules in athens. Thucydides, history of the peloponnesian war, the second book. In the first phase, the archidamian war, sparta launched repeated invasions of attica, while athens took advantage of its naval supremacy to raid the coast of the. Next, thucydides indirectly reports the advice of pericles. Pericles funeral oration internet history sourcebooks. The history was divided into separate books by later. Pericles funeral oration is a speech written by thucydides for his history of the peloponnesian war. Chapter vi beginning of the peloponnesian war first invasion of attica funeral oration of pericles the war between the athenians and peloponnesians and the allies on either side now really begins. The history of the peloponnesian war by thucydides, pericles. He carefully crafted a story that he wanted the audience to accept.
The war was really three conflicts with one uncertain peace after the first. Thucydides political judgement malcolm heath after reporting the death of pericles thucycides gives an assessment of his leadership, adding by way of contrast some comments on the situation which developed in athens subsequently 2. Thucydides developed a new and effective political tactic by having his supporters sit together in the assembly, increasing their apparent strength and giving them a united voice. Thucydides seems to not trust the common man in being able to run a government yet at the same time he feels that the common man should have a say it what a city decides, but that it should be heavily influenced by the likes of a higher standing citizen, such as pericles. Although thucydides records the speech in the first person as if it were a word for word record of what pericles said, there can be little doubt that he edited the speech at the very least. Thucydides portrait of pericles ii the first campaign and the funeral oration the actual narrative of the war starts in book 2.
For pericles had already carried a motion to the effect that they would have nothing to do with herald or embassy while the lacedaemonians were in the field. Edinger translated thucydides s work, plus he wrote an introduction to this book, added notes, and made his own comments on each of the speeches of pericles. The history of the peloponnesian war by thucydides free. The history of the peloponnesian war by thucydides. Statue portrait of historian thucydides outside the austrian parliament in vienna. In the same winter the athenians gave a funeral at the public cost to those who had first fallen in this war. Aug 20, 2016 listen to pericles funeral oration thucydides excerpt audio book. Pericles delivers the oration not only to bury the dead, but to praise democracy. His history of the first conflict, 431421, was nearly complete. Pericles funeral oration thucydides excerpt youtube.
Thucydides then remarks that should another dorian war come, this time attended with a great famine, the rhyme will be remembered as famine, and any mention of plague forgotten. In the summer of 428 bc, the peloponnesian army once again invades attica. Even though the athenians were in the midst of a long and costly war with sparta that would ultimately mean their defeat, this beautiful oration sent a powerful. The conflict, fought between the athenianled delian league and the spartanled peloponnesian league, signaled the end of athenian dominance in greece at the close of the fifth.
Now from this point begins the war of the athenians and peloponnesians and their allies. Prone to melancholy, pericles worries about antiochus trying to have him killed, and sets off on more adventures and endures several shipwrecks. Thucydides history of the peloponnesian war, book 2, chapter 6 beginning of the peloponnesian warfirst invasion of atticafuneral oration of pericles. The great events by famous historiansvolume 2pericles rules in. Thucydides admired pericles, approving of his power over the people and showing a marked distaste for the demagogues who followed him. The history places great importance upon naval supremacy, arguing that a modern empire is impossible without a strong navy. First speech of pericles as written by thucydides in translation, notes by edinger, comments by edinger. Thucydides peloponnesian war, steven lattimore translation. By these and similar words pericles endeavoured to appease the anger of the athenians against himself, and to divert their minds from their terrible situation. While it is likely he is related to the later historian and general thucydides, son of olorus, the details are uncertain. Thucydides the history of the peloponnesian war books.
We catch a glimpse of it in thucydides book ii, with pericles s funeral oration, where he lays out this vision of the ideal city. His history of the peloponnesian war recounts the fifthcentury bc war between sparta and athens until the year 411 bc. Athens derived from her alliances, as well with greek as with foreign princes and states. In doing so, he implicitly censures both pericles and the athenian imperial project itself. Outbreak of the war, 431 bc chapters 117 in plataea, a faction anxious to leave its alliance with athens helps thebes attack the city, but a counterattack by athenian loyalists routs the theban forces. In thucydides, the history of the peloponnesian war, there are many themes that are illustrated throughout various passages.
The narrative is arranged according to summers and winters and follows the order of events. Tandem 1773 termagant show no signs of eclipse 1764 grecian princess x770 curb. The first act of violence was the attack upon plataea, a city allied with athens, by a theban force. Understanding the role of democracy in thucydides history depends to a large extent on 2. Jan 10, 2011 in pericles speech at the end of book one chapters 140 144 there were some points he made that provides a foundation for his strategy toward the spartans.
In this paper i argue that thucydides s praise of pericles s leadership amounts to an appreciation of a democratic advantage. Selfcontrol is the chief element in selfrespect, and selfrespect is the chief element in courage. Jul 16, 2012 beginning of the peloponnesian war first invasion of attica funeral oration of pericles 1 the war between the athenians and peloponnesians and the allies on either side now really begins. Moving away from conceptions of leadership as a quality of individuals, modern leadership theory views leadership as a relational process between leaders and followers. Thucydides peloponnesian war better than herodotus histories. I think this particular piece has a lot to say about athenian life. Their land had been twice devastated, and they had to contend with the war and the plague at the same time. It is well known that thucydides held the view that human nature had. The history emphasizes the development of military technologies. As usual the athenians do not provide massed resistance. Audio reading of thucydides history of the peloponnesian war, book 2, chapter 6. Thucydides has been dubbed the father of scientific history by those who accept his claims to.
One major theme can be found in book 2, chapter 53, where thucydides describes the situation in athens after it had been stricken with plague during the peloponnesian war. He was totally obsessed with stories about families being torn apart and then miraculously reuniting after long periods of heartache and suffering. However, thucydides history was never finished, and as such, ends midsentence in the winter of 411 bce. Discussion of themes and motifs in thucydides history of the peloponnesian war. Thucydides quotes author of history of the peloponnesian war. See all books authored by thucydides, including history of the peloponnesian war, and on justice, power and human nature.
The present study examines thucydides assessments of pericles 2. Aug 31, 2016 the source i chose for this week was thucydides depiction of pericles funeral oration. Beginning of the peloponnesian warfirst invasion of attica funeral oration of pericles theban forces try to take the city of plataea, but are routed from the town. Peloponnesian war is fascinating in its laconic objectivity and for its wide coverage of interesting times written by a man who was a general during the war, suffered from defeat, exile and the ravages of the athenian plague and yet. Even though pericles is technically a king, hes often called prince pericles, which tells us that the dude still has a lot to learn about leadership and power early on in the play. Reinforcements arrive too late to help, after being delayed by rain that has swelled a local river, making it impassable. What can thucydides and the plague of athens teach us in. The funeral oration was recorded by thucydides in book two of his famous history of the peloponnesian war. And now the war between the athenians and peloponnesians and the allies of both 1 actually began. Selections from the history of the peloponnesian war, and more on. Thucydides assessments of pericles and alcibiades as a. Pericles, prince of tyre was written around 16061608, late in our shipwreckloving playwrights career. That was a regular occurrence in athens after the end of the persian wars. The honors college at the university of houston presents this program about the machines that make our civilization run, and the people whose ingenuity created them d uring the first obama campaign, there was a pervasive image.
His exceptionally complex structure and techniques make thucydides one of the most difficult as well as one of the most profound of ancient historians. The description of the plague immediately follows on from thucydides renowned account of pericles funeral oration it is important that pericles died of the plague in 429 bc, whereas thucydides caught it but survived. In the same winter the athenians gave a funeral at the public cost to. His counsel is quite consistent with his advice beforehand. Although thucydides records the speech in the first person as if it were a word for word record of what pericles said, there can be.
Pericles, a great supporter of democracy, was a greek leader and statesman during the peloponnesian war. Did thucydides report the pericles funeral speech honestly. Providing a thorough critique and analysis of thucydides neglected book 8, taylor shows that thucydides praises political compromise centered around the traditional city in attica. Chapter xviii seventeenth year of the war the sicilian campaign affair of the hermae departure of the expedition the same winter the athenians resolved to sail again to sicily, with a greater armament than that under laches and eurymedon, and, if possible, to conquer the island. Thucydides, the peloponnesian war part ii, in the english works of thomas hobbes of malmesbury. Two somber developments share the focus of book 2, chapter 7. History of the peloponnesian war everymans library. Now first collected and edited by sir william molesworth, bart. Thucydides books list of books by author thucydides. Xenophon takes up the tale again if you are frustrated by not knowing the ending of the struggle. About 270 years after the iliad, or thereabouts, plague is the centrepiece of two great classical athenian works sophocles oedipus the king, and book 2 of thucydides. Thucydides, the peloponnesian war, book 2, chapter 34.1406 888 657 897 1362 1182 493 1360 1109 777 406 1544 595 1349 286 188 684 126 1355 579 1438 1354 921 646 703 540 661 1540 576 536 1217 765 717 245 227 108 836 1125 943 290 1145 1312 77 597 126 1483